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Saturday, 20 October 2018

Why German Jews join the AfD

Why do German Jews join the AfD (Alternative für Deutschland/Alternative for Germany) ? Here are some of their arguments. Meanwhile the main media/politicians call this young Party and their increasing membership, "raaaaaacists", "Jew Haters", and more often than not: "Nazis". 

Looking for a little relevant information before playing  music, I did not get further than this List of some of the more famous German Jews I found in Wikipedia where it is  introduced as follows: 

"The first Jewish population in the region to be later known as Germany came with the Romans to the city now known as Cologne. A "Golden Age" in the first millennium saw the emergence of the Ashkenazi Jews, while the persecution and expulsion that followed the Crusades led to the creation of Yiddish and an overall shift eastwards. A change of status in the late Renaissance Era, combined with the Jewish Enlightenment, the Haskalah, meant that by the 1920s Germany had one of the most integrated Jewish populations in Europe, contributing prominently to German culture and society.

The following is a list of some famous Jewish people (by religion or descent) from Germany proper. Also note that the idea of German nationality is rather broad, due to the many Germanic tribes, Jewish assimilation into Germany, and separate German ruled states through the history of Europe. Therefore, the same set of people could at times be referred to as Germans, Jews, or German Jews alike."


Fischel Arnheim, politician[1]
Rudolf Hilferding, Finance Minister in 1923 and from 1928 to 1929[2]
Herbert Weichmann, Mayor of Hamburg 1965-1971, President of the German Bundesrat(Federal upper house)[3]
Ludwig Bamberger, politician[4]
de:Fritz Elsas, Mayor of Berlin from 1931-1933, (converted to Christianity)
Daniel Cohn-Bendit, member of European Parliament, student leader in 1968[5]
Wilhelm Dröscher, SPD politician (half-Jewish)[6]
Kurt Eisner, Bavarian prime minister[7]
Heinrich von Friedberg, jurist, statesman (converted to Christianity) [8]
Karl Rudolf Friedenthal, Prussian politician (converted to Christianity) [9]
Clement Freud, German-born British MP[10]
Alex Himelfarb, ambassador[11]
Henry Kissinger, U.S. Secretary of State, Nobel Prize (1973)[12]
Ludwig Landmann, mayor of Frankfurt/Main[13]
Eduard Lasker, co-founder of the National Liberal Party[14]
Eugen Leviné, Bavarian prime minister[15]
Jutta Oesterle-Schwerin, Member of parliament, Green party, Feminist party[16]
Eduard von Simson, President of the Reichstag, President of the Reichsgericht[17]
Walther Rathenau, Foreign Minister of the Weimar Republic[18]
Herbert Weichmann, Mayor of Hamburg[19]
Marina Weisband, Ukrainian-born former Pirate Party Germany politician
Jeanette Wolff, West Berlin politician[20]
Walter Wolfgang, German-born politician[21]

Scientific figures
Natural Scientists

Adolf von Baeyer, industrial chemist, Nobel Prize (1905) (Jewish mother)[29]
Norbert Berkowitz, physicist[30]
Hans Bethe, nuclear physics, Nobel Prize (1967)[31]
Sir Walter Bodmer, medical researcher[32]
Max Born, quantum mechanics, Nobel Prize (1954) (converted to Christianity)[33]
Heinrich Caro, industrial chemist[34]
Nikodem Caro, industrial chemist[35]
Albert Einstein, theoretical physics, Nobel Prize (1921)[36]
Erwin Finlay-Freundlich, astronomer[37]
James Franck, quantum physics, Nobel Prize (1925)[38]
Adolph Frank, industrial chemist[39]
Herbert Fröhlich, physicist[40]
Eugen Glueckauf, chemist, expert on atomic energy[citation needed]
Hans Goldschmidt, industrial chemist[41]
Fritz Haber, developed the Haber process, Nobel Prize (1918)[42]
Walter Heitler, chemist [41]
Arthur Korn, physicist[43]
Ernst Ising, statistical mechanics[44]
Albert Ladenburg, chemist[45]
Fritz London, quantum mechanics[46]
Leonard Mandel, quantum optics[47]
Kurt Mendelssohn, German-born British medical physicist[48]
Viktor Meyer, organic chemist (converted to Christianity)[49]
Leonor Michaelis, biochemist[50]
Albert A. Michelson, measured speed of light, Nobel Prize (1907) (Jewish father)[51][52]
Ludwig Mond, chemist & industrialist[53]
Sir Rudolf Peierls, solid state theory[54]
Arno Penzias, co-discoverer of CMB, Nobel Prize (1978)[55]
Alfred Philippson, geologist [56]
John Charles Polanyi, chemist, Nobel Prize (born Berlin) [41]
Ernst Pringsheim, spectrometry, black-body radiation[57]
Michael Rossmann, physicist and microbiologist (Jewish mother)[58]
Rudolf Schoenheimer, biochemist[59]
Arthur Schuster, spectroscopist[citation needed]
Karl Schwarzschild, physicist & astronomer (converted to Christianity)[60]
Franz Simon, physicist, separation of Uranium 235[61]
Jack Steinberger, particle physics, Nobel Prize (1988)[62]
Otto Stern, experimental physicist, Nobel Prize (1943)[63]
Otto Wallach, chemist, Nobel Prize (1910) (converted to Christianity)[64]
Richard Willstätter, chemist, Nobel Prize (1915)[65]
Physicians and medical researchers[edit]
Adolph Baginsky, pediatrician, diphtheria researcher[66]
Alfred Bielschowsky, ophthalmologist[67]
Max Bielschowsky, neuropathologist[68]
Konrad Bloch, biochemist, Nobel Prize (1964)[69]
Marcus Elieser Bloch, physician[70]
Gustav Born, professor of pharmacology[71]
Edith Bulbring, Professor of pharmacy (Jewish mother)[72]
Sir Ernst Chain, developed penicillin, Nobel Prize (1945)[73]
Ferdinand Cohn, pioneer in microbiology[74]
Julius Friedrich Cohnheim, pathologist[24]
Paul Ehrlich, developed magic bullet concept, Nobel Prize (1908)[75]
Arthur Eichengrün, possible inventor of aspirin[76]
Wilhelm Feldberg, biologist[citation needed]
Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat, biochemist[77]
Hermann Friedberg, physician[24]
Salome Gluecksohn-Waelsch, geneticist[78]
Ernst Gräfenberg, obstetrician, the G-spot[79]
Martin Gumpert, physician, writer[80]
Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, physician (converted to Christianity)[81]
Sir Bernard Katz, biophysicist, Nobel Prize (1970)[82]
Hans Kornberg, biochemist researcher[83]
Hans Kosterlitz, discovered endorphins[84]
Sir Hans Adolf Krebs, biochemist, Nobel Prize (1953)[85]
Fritz Lipmann, biochemist, Nobel Prize (1953)[86]
Jacques Loeb, physiologist[87]
Otto Loewi, pharmacologist, Nobel Prize (1936)[88]
Elisabeth Mann, biologist (Jewish mother)[89]
Otto Meyerhof, biochemist, Nobel Prize (1922) (Jewish father)[90]
Oskar Minkowski, physiologist[91]
Albert Neisser, physician, discovered the cause of gonorrhea (Jewish father)[92]
Emin Pasha, physician, naturalist, explorer[93]
Nathanael Pringsheim, botanist[94]
Ottomar Rosenbach, physician[24]
Moritz Heinrich Romberg, physician, innovative author in neuroscience[24]
Moritz Traube, biochemist[95]
Moshe Wallach, founder and director, Shaare Zedek Hospital, Jerusalem[96]
Schwester Selma, longtime head nurse at Shaare Zedek Hospital, Jerusalem[97]
Carl Warburg, doctor of medicine and clinical pharmacologist.[98]
Otto Heinrich Warburg, physiologist, Nobel Prize (1931) (Jewish father)[77]
Karl Weigert, pathologist[99]


Felix Bernstein, set theory (converted to Christianity)[100]
Maurice Block, statistician [101]
Richard Brauer, modular representation theory[102]
Paul Cohn, algebraist[103]
Richard Courant, mathematical analysis & applied mathematics[104]
Max Dehn, topology[105]
Paul Epstein, number theory[106]
Adolf Fraenkel, set theory[107]
Hans Freudenthal, algebraic topology[108]
Felix Hausdorff, topology[109]
Heinz Hopf, topology (Jewish father)[110]
Adolf Hurwitz, mathematician[111]
Carl Gustav Jakob Jacobi, analysis[112]
Leopold Kronecker, number theory[113]
Edmund Landau, number theory[114]
Rudolf Lipschitz, mathematician[115]
Kurt Mahler, mathematician[116]
Hermann Minkowski, geometrical theory of numbers[117]
Claus Moser, Statistician [118]
Leonard Nelson, mathematician, philosopher (converted to Christianity)[119]
Bernhard Neumann, mathematician[120]
Emmy Noether, algebra & theoretical physics[121]
Alfred Pringsheim, analysis, theory of functions[122]
Richard Rado, combinatorics[123]
Abraham Robinson, nonstandard analysis[124])[125]
Arthur Moritz Schönflies, mathematician[126]
Issai Schur, mathematician[127]
Otto Toeplitz, linear algebra & functional analysis[128]

Technical Scientists

Ralph Baer, inventor of the games console[129]
Emile Berliner, inventor of the gramophone[130]
Emanuel Goldberg (1881–1970, from Russia, but published in German), pioneered Microdots and microfilm retrieval technology[131]
Julius Edgar Lilienfeld, electrical engineer[132]
Siegfried Marcus, automobile pioneer[133]
Michael O. Rabin, computer algorithms, Turing Award (1976)[134]
Reinhold Rudenberg, electrical engineer and inventor,[135]
Adolf Schallamach, pioneered understanding of friction and wear phenomena in rubber
Joseph Weizenbaum, AI critic, ELIZA[136]


Karl Abraham, psychoanalyst[137]
Rudolf Arnheim, perception theorist[citation needed]
Erik Erikson, developmental psychologist (Jewish mother)[138]
Erich Fromm, psychologist & humanistic philosopher[139]
Frieda Fromm-Reichmann, psychoanalyst[140]
Kurt Goldstein, Gestalt-influenced neurologist[141]
Max Hamilton, psychiatrist[142]
Magnus Hirschfeld, sexologist[143]
Kurt Koffka, Gestalt psychologist[citation needed]
Kurt Lewin, social psychologist[144]
Hugo Münsterberg, industrial psychologist[citation needed]
Ulric Neisser, cognitive psychologist (Jewish father)[145]
Erich Neumann, analytical psychologist[146]
Fritz Perls, psychotherapist[147]
Harvey (née Heinz) Schloesser, psychiatrist and psychoanalyst
Otto Selz, cognitive psychologist[148]
William Stern, the Intelligence Quotient[149]
Max Wertheimer, Gestalt psychologist[150]

Academic figures

Theodor Adorno (1903–1969), philosopher (Jewish father)[151]
Ernst Bloch, philosopher[152]
Constantin Brunner, philosopher[153]
Ernst Cassirer, philosopher[154]
Hermann Cohen, philosopher[155]
Friedrich Dessauer, philosopher[156]
Max Dessoir, philosopher[157]
Julius Frauenstädt, philosopher [158]
Kurt Grelling, philosopher[159]
Richard Hönigswald (Jewish father)[160]
Max Horkheimer (1895–1973), philosopher & sociologist[161]
Edmund Husserl, philosopher (converted to Christianity)[162]
Hans Jonas, philosopher[163]
Horace Kallen, philosopher[164]
Adolf Lasson, philosopher[24]
Theodor Lessing, philosopher, writer[165]
Karl Löwith, philosopher[166]
Salomon Maimon, philosopher[167]
Fritz Mauthner, author & philosopher[168]
Moses Mendelssohn, philosopher, scholar[169]
Helmuth Plessner, philosopher (Jewish father)[170]
Hans Reichenbach, philosopher (Jewish father)[171]
Eugen Rosenstock-Huessy, philosopher (Jewish father)[172]
Max Scheler, philosopher (Jewish mother)[173]
Kurt Sternberg, philosopher[174]
Richard Rudolf Walzer, philosopher (Jewish Year Book 1975 p214)


Robert Aumann, Nobel Prize for Economics [175]
Richard Ehrenberg, economist (converted to Christianity) [176]
Ludwig Lachmann, economist[177]
Emil Lederer, economist[178]
Robert Liefmann, economist[179]
Adolph Lowe, economist[180]
Rosa Luxemburg, economist, co-founder of the KPD[181]
Fritz Naphtali, economist, editor, later Israeli finance minister[182]
Sigbert Prais, economist (JYB 2005 p215)
Reinhard Selten, Nobel prize [183] (1994)
Hans Singer, economist[184]

Social Scientists

Reinhard Bendix, sociologist[185]
Eduard Bernstein, founder of evolutionary socialism[186]
Franz Boas, cultural anthropologist[187]
Lewis A. Coser, sociologist[188]
Norbert Elias, sociologist[189]
Amitai Etzioni, sociologist[190]
Shelomo Dov Goitein, Arabist[191]
Moses Hess, socialist[192]
Eugene Kamenka, sociologist[193]
Siegfried Kracauer, sociologist & film critic[194]
Ferdinand Lassalle, founder of first German worker's party[195]
Karl Mannheim, sociologist[196]
Herbert Marcuse, sociologist, New Left figurehead[197]
Karl Marx, founder of communism (parents converted to Protestantism)[198]
Franz Oppenheimer, sociologist & economist[199]
Leo Loewenthal, sociologist[200]
Georg Simmel, sociologist[201]
Georg Steindorff, egyptologist (Jewish father)[202]
Jacob Taubes, theologist[203]
Louis Wirth, sociologist[204]


Ernst Bernheim, historian[205]
Isaak Markus Jost, historian
Geoffrey Rudolph Elton (son of Wictor Ehrenberg) [42]
Richard Ettinghausen, art historian[206]
Henry Friedlander, historian[207]
Peter Gay, historian [208]
Heinrich Graetz, historian[209]
George W. F. Hallgarten, historian [210]
Eric Hobsbawm, historian[211]
Ernst Kantorowicz, historian of medieval political and intellectual history
Richard Krautheimer, historian[212]
Arno Lustiger, historian[213]
Lothar Machtan[citation needed]
Golo Mann, historian (Jewish mother) [214]
George Mosse, historian [215]
Otto Rahn, historian of legends about the holy grail[216]
Hans Rothfels, historian[217]
Fritz Stern, historian[218]
Michael Wolffsohn, historian [219]


Hannah Arendt, political theorist[220]
Jacob Friedrich Behrend, jurist[24]
David Daube, Professor of Law[221]
Heinrich Dernburg, jurist[citation needed]
Victor Ehrenberg, jurist (converted to Christianity)[222]
Hugo Haase, jurist[223]
Sir Otto Kahn-Freund, Professor of Law[224]
Hermann Kantorowicz, jurist[225]
Walter Kaskel, jurist[226]
Robert Kempner, jurist
Paul Laband, jurist, b. Breslau[227]
Otto Lenel, jurist[228]
Franz Neumann, legal theorist[229]
Arthur Nussbaum, jurist[230]
Joseph Süss Oppenheimer, financial planner & court Jew[24]
Gabriel Riesser, deputy speaker of Frankfurt Assembly in 1848, first Jewish judge in Hamburg[231]
Rudolf Schlesinger, jurist[232]
Georg Schwarzenberger, jurist [233][234]
Hugo Sinzheimer, legal scholar[235]
Sigmund Zeisler, jurist[236]

Linguists and philologists

Paulus Aemilius, professor of Hebrew[237]
Theodor Benfey, linguist (converted to Christianity) [238]
Eduard Fraenkel, philologist[239]
Wilhelm Freund, philologist [240]
Ludwig Friedländer, philologist [43]
Julius Fürst, orientalist[241]
Theodor Goldstücker, linguist[242]
Moshe Goshen-Gottstein, linguist[243]
Victor Klemperer, linguist & diarist[244]
Siegbert Salomon Prawer, Professor of German[245]
Chaim Menachem Rabin, linguist[246]
Edward Sapir, anthropologist-linguist[247]
Ernest Simon, professor of Chinese[248]
Heymann Steinthal, linguist[citation needed]


Hugo Egon Balder, comedian, producer (Jewish mother),[250]
Ludwig Berger, director[251]
Lotte Berk, dancer and health guru[252]
Kurt Bernhardt, director[253]
Ludwig Blattner: film producer and studio owner, developer of the first magnetic tape recorder.
Artur Brauner, film producer[254]
Friedrich Dalsheim, director [255]
Michael Degen, actor[256]
Ernst Dohm, actor, editor[257]
Hedwig Dohm-Pringsheim, actress[258]
E.A. Dupont, director [259]
Michel Friedman, TV personality[260]
Kurt Gerron, stage actor & film director[261]
Dora Gerson, actress, cabaret singer[262]
Therese Giehse, actress Pepermill[263]
Lou Jacobs, clown[264]
Ludwig Karl Koch, broadcaster and sound recordist[265]
Werner Klemperer, Movie, TV Hogan's Heroes and Broadway actor, violinist
Carl Laemmle, film producer[266]
Ernst Lubitsch, director[267]
Jeanine Meerapfel, film director and screenwriter[268]
Max Ophüls, film director[269]
Richard Oswald, director[270]
Ferdinand Eduard Pahnecke, actor[271]
Lilli Palmer, actress[272]
Hans Rosenthal, one of Germany's most popular TV personalities in history[273]
Susan Sideropoulos, actress [274]
Robert Siodmak, director[275]
Ruth Westheimer, sex therapist[276]
Konrad Wolf, film director[277]
Peter Zadek, theatre director[278]
Christian Berkel, actor


Samuel Adler, composer[279]
Haim Alexander, composer[280]
Tzvi Avni, composer[281]
Paul Ben-Haim, composer[282]
Julius Benedict, composer [283]
Herman Berlinski, American composer, organist, pianist, musicologist and choir conductor[284]
Wolf Biermann, singer/songwriter (Jewish father)[285]
Yehezkel Braun, Israeli composer[286]
Manfred Bukofzer, musicologist[287]
Paul Dessau, composer[288]
Abel Ehrlich, Israeli composer[289]
Alfred Einstein, musicologist[290]
Hanns Eisler, German-born composer (Jewish father)[291]
Lukas Foss, composer & conductor[292]
Alexander Goehr, composer[293]
Walter Goehr, conductor[294]
Berthold Goldschmidt, composer[295]
Bernard Greenhouse, cellist[296]
Nina Hagen, German-Jewish origin from her father's side, Punk Rock Singer, she was considered an opera prodigy by the time she was nine. Her paternal grandfather died in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp.
George Henschel, singer & conductor[297]
Alfred Hertz, conductor[298]
André Herzberg, musician (Pankow) [299]
Gerard Hoffnung, musicologist [45]
Friedrich Holländer, composer[300]
Salomon Jadassohn, composer[301]
Leon Jessel, composer[302]
Robert Kahn, composer[303]
Otto Klemperer, conductor[304]
Robert Lachmann, musicologist[citation needed]
Ludwig Lenel, organist and composer
Hermann Levi, conductor[305]
Alfred Lion & Frank Wulff, founders of Blue Note Records[306]
Edward Lowinsky, musicologist[307]
Gustav Mahler, composer[308]
Michael Mann, musician (Jewish mother)[309]
Arnold Mendelssohn, organist[310]
Felix Mendelssohn, composer & conductor (Jewish ancestry but raised Lutheran)[311]
Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel, composer[312]
Giacomo Meyerbeer, composer[313]
Ben-Zion Orgad, Israeli composer[314]
Menahem Pressler, pianist[315]
André Previn, conductor[316]
Franz Reizenstein, pianist, composer[317]
Curt Sachs, musicologist, co-founder of modern organology[287]
Kurt Sanderling, conductor[318]
Adolf Martin Schlesinger, music publisher [319]
Arnold Schoenberg, composer
Heinrich Sontheim, tenor [320]
William Steinberg, conductor[321]
Erich Walter Sternberg, composer[322]
Josef Tal, composer[323]
Ilia Trilling, synagogue composer[324]
Ignatz Waghalter, composer & conductor[325]
Bruno Walter, conductor (Jewish father)[326]
Franz Waxman, film composer[327]
Kurt Weill, composer[328]
Indira Weiss, singer & actress[329]
Hans Winterberg, composer
Stefan Wolpe, composer[330]
Alec Empire, member of Atari Teenage Riot[331]
Hilde Zadek, soprano[332]
Aron Liedtke, music producer [333]


Anni Albers, textile designer[334]
Frank Auerbach, painter[335]
Eduard Bendemann, painter[24]
Martin Bloch, British painter[336]
Erwin Blumenfeld, photographer[337]
Alfred Eisenstaedt, photographer[338]
Benno Elkan, sculptor[339]
James Ingo Freed, architect[340]
Gisèle Freund, photographer[341]
Eva Hesse, materials artist[342]
Erich Kahn, painter, expressionist[343]
Eugen Kaufmann, architect[citation needed]
Hugo Lederer (1871–1940) sculptor[344]
Ludwig Levy, architect[345]
Max Liebermann, painter[346]
Wilhelm Löwith, artist[347]
Peter Max, pop artist[348]
Ludwig Meidner, painter[349]
Erich Mendelsohn, architect[350]
Fritz Nathan, Architekt
Helmut Newton, photographer (Jewish father)[351]
Felix Nussbaum, painter[352]
Meret Oppenheim, surrealist[353]
Erwin Panofsky, art historian[354]
Hans Schleger, designer[355]
Charlotte Salomon, artist[356]
Erich Salomon, news photographer[357]
Erna Weill, sculptor[358]
Victor Weisz, Vicky, cartoonist[359]


Erich Auerbach, literature critic[360]
Berthold Auerbach, author and poet[361]
Julius Bab, dramatist and theater critic[362][363]
Jurek Becker, writer[364]
Maxim Biller, writer[365]
Ludwig Börne, satirist[366]
Otto Brahm, literary critic[367]
Henryk Broder, journalist[368]
Walter Benjamin (1892–1940), literary critic & philosopher[369]
Emil Carlebach, writer, dissident[370]
Joseph Derenbourg, orientalist, father of Hartwig Derenbourg[371]
Hilde Domin, poet[372]
Lion Feuchtwanger, novelist[373]
Hubert Fichte, author (Jewish father)[374]
Anne Frank, diarist[375]
Karen Gershon (1923–1993), poet [46]
Friedrich Gundolf, literary man[376]
Glückel of Hameln, 18th-century Yiddish diarist[377]
Maximilian Harden, journalists[378]
Heinrich Heine, poet[379] (converted to Protestantism for job prospects)
Stefan Heym, novelist, politician[380]
Wolfgang Hildesheimer[381]
Edgar Hilsenrath, novelist[382]
Daniel Hoffmann, writer and philologist (German Studies)
Barbara Honigmann, writer[383]
Heinrich Eduard Jacob, writer and journalist[384]
Siegfried Jacobsohn, journalist and theater critic[385]
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, novelist and screenwriter[386]
Wladimir Kaminer, short story writer[387]
Judith Kerr, children's writer[388]
Victor Klemperer, writer[389]
Else Lasker-Schüler, writer, poet & artist[390] (converted to Protestantism for job prospects)
Claire Loewenfeld, writer and herbalist.[391]
Emil Ludwig, writer[392][393]
Gila Lustiger, author[394]
Erika Mann, writer, actress (Jewish mother)[309]
Klaus Mann, writer (Jewish mother)[309]
Monika Mann, writer (Jewish mother)[309]
Julius Mosen, born Moses [395]
Erich Mühsam, anarchist poet[396]
Henning Pawel, childens author, writer[397]
Solomon Perel, author[398]
Marcel Reich-Ranicki, literary critic[399]
H. A. Rey & Margret Rey, creators of Curious George[400]
Renate Rubinstein (Jewish father)[401]
Nelly Sachs, poet, Nobel Prize (1966)[402]
Anna Seghers, novelist[403]
Oskar Seidlin, writer [404]
Rafael Seligmann, writer[405]
Süßkind von Trimberg, medieval writer, minnesinger[406]
Kurt Tucholsky, writer (converted to Protestantism)[407]
Samuel Ullman, poet [408]
Rahel Varnhagen, writer and saloniste (converted to Christianity)[409]
Moritz Callmann Wahl[24]
Jakob Wassermann, novelist[410]
Trude Weiss-Rosmarin[411]
Jeanette Wohl[412]
Friedrich Wolf, writer, physician[413]
Carl Zuckmayer, playwright (Jewish mother)[414]
Arnold Zweig, writer[415]
Stefan Zweig, novelist, playwright and journalist, best known for his autobiographies


Alfred Beit, financier[224]
Sir Ernest Cassel, banker[416]
Maurice de Hirsch, banker[417]
Sir Robert Mayer, German-born businessman and philanthropist [418]
Marcus Goldman (1821–1904), German-born banker, co-founder of Goldman Sachs
Abraham Kuhn[419] and Solomon Loeb, founders of Kuhn, Loeb & Co.
Henry Lehman (1822–1855), Emanuel Lehman (1827–1907) and Mayer Lehman (1830–1897), German-born bankers, co-founders of former bank Lehman Brothers
Joseph Mendelssohn (1770–1848), founder of former bank Mendelssohn & Co.
Salomon Oppenheim (1772–1828), founder of bank Sal. Oppenheim
Ernest Oppenheimer (1880–1957), diamond and gold mining entrepreneur and financier who controlled De Beers and founded the Anglo American Corporation of South Africa
Emil Rathenau (1838–1915), founder of AEG
Hugo Reiss
Nathan Mayer Rothschild (1777–1836), founder of British company N M Rothschild & Sons
Hermann Tietz (1837–1907), founder of Hertie, a department store
Leopold Ullstein (1826–1899), founder of publishing company Ullstein Verlag
Moses Marcus Warburg and Gerson Warburg, co-founder of M. M. Warburg & Co., German bank
Georg Wertheim (1857–1939), founder of former Wertheim, a department store
Stef Wertheimer [47] "77-year-old German-born Stef Wertheimer"
Gustav Wilhelm Wolff, founder of Harland and Wolff[420]


Gottfried Fuchs
Alon Abelski, football player
Rudi Ball, ice hockey player, right wing, Olympic bronze, world runner-up, bronze[421]
Gretel Bergmann, high jumper[422]
Hans Berliner, world postal chess champion[423]
Barney Dreyfuss, co-founder of the World Series[424]
Alfred Flatow, 3x Olympic gymnastics champion (parallel bars, team parallel bars, team horizontal bar), silver (horizontal bar)
Gustav Felix Flatow, 2x Olympic gymnastics champion (team parallel bars, team horizontal bar)
Gottfried Fuchs, soccer player, (German national team)[425]
Ludwig Guttmann, founder of the Paralympics[426]
Lilli Henoch, world records (discus, shot put, and 4x100-m relay); shot by the Nazis in Latvia
Julius Hirsch, footballer, German champion, killed during the Holocaust
Bernhard Horwitz, chess player[423]
Herbert Klein, swimmer, Olympic bronze (200-m breaststroke); 3 world records
Emanuel Lasker, world chess champion[427]
Henry Laskau, racewalker, won 42 national titles; Pan American champion; 4x Maccabiah champion
Helene Mayer, foil fencer (Jewish father), Olympic champion[428]
Sarah Poewe, swimmer (Jewish mother), Olympic bronze (4x100 medley relay)[429]
Ellen Preis (Ellen Müller-Preis) (1912–2007), German-born Austrian Olympic champion foil fencer
Daniel Prenn, tennis player, highest world ranking # 6[430]
Gil Shohat, football player
Anton Shynder, football player
Siegbert Tarrasch, chess player[431]

Music by Kurt Weil

I chose this song, because knives are currently appearing plentiful on the streets of Germany. And I chose this visually somewhat aged version by Hildegard Knef, because I think her voice matches the subject and because it has the written text in both, German and English. Although I think that the Louis Armstrong version does more justice to the tune.